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Adobe Flash Player known in Internet Explorer , Firefox , and Google Chrome as Shockwave Flash  is freeware computer software for viewing multimedia contents, executing rich Internet applications , and streaming audio and video content created on the Adobe Flash platform.
Flash Player once had a large user base, and was a common format for web games , animations, and graphical user interface GUI elements embedded in web pages. Adobe stated in that more than million out of over 1 billion connected desktops updated to new versions of Flash Player within six weeks of release.
Apple co-founder Steve Jobs was highly critical of Flash Player, having published an open letter detailing Apple’s reasoning for not supporting Flash on its iOS device family. Its usage also waned because of modern web standards that allow some of Flash’s use cases to be fulfilled without third-party plugins. Flash Player was officially discontinued on 31 December , and its download page was removed two days later.
Since 12 January , Flash Player original global variants versions newer than Adobe Flash Player is a runtime that executes and displays content from a provided SWF file, although it has no in-built features to modify the SWF file at runtime. It can execute software written in the ActionScript programming language which enables the runtime manipulation of text, data, vector graphics , raster graphics , sound , and video.
The player can also access certain connected hardware devices, including the web cameras and microphones , after permission for the same has been granted by the user.
Flash Player was used internally by the Adobe Integrated Runtime AIR , to provide a cross-platform runtime environment for desktop applications and mobile applications. Flash Player included native support for many data formats , some of which can only be accessed through the ActionScript scripting interface. Flash Player is primarily a graphics and multimedia platform, and has supported raster graphics and vector graphics since its earliest version.
It supports the following different multimedia formats which it can natively decode and play back. Until version 10 of the Flash player, there was no support for GPU acceleration. Current versions of Flash Player are optimized to use hardware acceleration for video playback and 3D graphics rendering on many devices, including desktop computers.
Performance is similar to HTML5 video playback. Although code written in ActionScript 3 executes up to 10 times faster than the prior ActionScript 2,  the Adobe ActionScript 3 compiler is a non- optimizing compiler , and produces inefficient bytecode in the resulting SWF, when compared to toolkits such as CrossBridge. As of , the Haxe multiplatform language can build programs for Flash Player that perform faster than the same application built with the Adobe Flex SDK compiler.
In both methods, developers can access the full Flash Player set of functions, including text , vector graphics , bitmap graphics, video , audio , camera, microphone, and others. AIR also includes added features such as file system integration, native extensions, native desktop integration, and hardware integration with connected devices.
Notable online video games developed in Flash include Angry Birds , FarmVille , and AdventureQuest started in , and still active as of In August , Adobe discontinued the ESR branch and instead focused solely on the standard release. In , Flash Player had emerged as the de facto standard for online video publishing on the desktop, with adaptive bitrate video streaming, DRM , and fullscreen support.
In August , Adobe stopped updating Flash for Android. The following table documents historical support for Flash Player on mobile operating systems :. In a move to further reduce the number of Flash Player installations, Adobe added a «time bomb» to Flash to disable existing installations after January 12, Starting from Chrome 76, Flash is disabled by default without any prompts to activate Flash content.
Microsoft Edge, which is based on Chromium, will follow the same plan as Google Chrome. Google Chrome blocked the Flash plugin as «out of date» in January , and fully removed it from the browser with Chrome version 88, released on January 20, Starting with Firefox 85,  Flash is disabled by default without any prompts to activate Flash content.
To play Flash content, users had to manually set a browser to prompt for Flash content, and then during each browser session enable Flash plugin for every site individually.
Firefox 85, released on January 26, , completely removed support for the Flash plugin. In July , this update was automatically installed as a security patch.
Despite the years of notice, several websites still were using Flash following December 31, , including the U. Securities and Exchange Commission. Many of these were resolved in the weeks after the deadline. However, many educational institutions still relied on Flash for educational material and did not have a path forward for replacement. The China-specific variant of Flash will be supported beyond , by a company known as Zhongcheng. They are available on a somewhat hidden «Debug» page.
This includes removing the «Flash Helper Service» and removing the China only installation restriction, along with all other geo-restrictions and tracking code. A «time bomb», similar to the one found in later versions of the global variant, is also present in the unmodified China variant; this is also removed in most repacks.
In theory, these repacks should provide users outside of China with the latest security updates to Flash Player, without having to deal with invasive advertisements or worry about privacy risks. Adobe has partnered with Harman to support enterprise Flash Player users until at least This browser can access only a small set of SARS online pages containing Flash-based forms required for filing financial reports. Although no longer available directly from Adobe, all versions of Adobe Flash Player Projector also known as Adobe Flash Player Standalone lack the «time bomb» present in the newer plug-in variants, and thus continue to be able to play all supported Flash file formats , including SWF files, without modification.
The Internet Archive hosts some Flash content and makes it playable in modern browsers via emulators, Ruffle and Emularity. Adobe has released some components of Adobe Flash products as open source software via Open Screen Project or donated them to open source organizations. As of , most of these technologies are considered obsolete. In some browsers, prior Flash versions have had to be uninstalled before an updated version could be installed. Mixing Flash applications with HTML leads to inconsistent input handling leading to poor user experience with the site keyboard and mouse not working as they would in an HTML-only document.
Local storage in Flash Player allows websites to store non-executable data on a user’s computer, such as authentication information, game high scores or web browser games, server-based session identifiers, site preferences, saved work, or temporary files. Flash Player will only allow content originating from exactly the same website domain to access data saved in local storage. Because local storage can be used to save information on a computer that is later retrieved by the same site, a site can use it to gather user statistics, similar to how HTTP cookies and Web Storage can be used.
With such technologies, the possibility of building a profile based on user statistics is considered by some a potential privacy concern. Users can disable or restrict use of local storage in Flash Player through a «Settings Manager» page. Local storage can be disabled entirely or on a site-by-site basis. Disabling local storage will block any content from saving local user information using Flash Player, but this may disable or reduce the functionality of some websites, such as saved preferences or high scores and saved progress in games.
Flash Player Adobe security bulletins and advisories announce security updates, but Adobe Flash Player release notes do not disclose the security issues addressed when a release closes security holes, making it difficult to evaluate the urgency of a particular update. A version test page allows the user to check if the latest version is installed, and uninstallers may be used to ensure that old-version plugins have been uninstalled from all installed browsers.
In February , Adobe officially apologized  for not fixing a known vulnerability for over a year. In June Adobe announced a «critical vulnerability» in recent versions, saying there are reports that this vulnerability is being actively exploited in the wild against both Adobe Flash Player, and Adobe Reader and Acrobat. Android users have been recommended to disable Flash or make it only on demand. Symantec ‘s Internet Security Threat Report  states that a remote code execution in Adobe Reader and Flash Player  was the second most attacked vulnerability in The same report also recommended using browser extensions to disable Flash Player usage on untrusted websites.
McAfee predicted that Adobe software, especially Reader and Flash, would be primary target for attacks in Steve Jobs criticized the security of Flash Player, noting that «Symantec recently highlighted Flash for having one of the worst security records in «. On April 7, , Adobe released a Flash Player patch for a zero-day memory corruption vulnerability CVE – that could be used to deliver malware via the Magnitude exploit kit. The vulnerability could be exploited for remote code execution.
This move by Adobe, together with the abandonment of Flex to Apache was criticized as a way to lock out independent tool developers, in favor of Adobe’s commercial tools. This has been resolved as of January , after Adobe no longer requires a license or royalty from the developer. All premium features are now classified as general availability, and can be freely used by Flash applications.
He also claimed that when one of Apple’s Macintosh computers crashes, «more often than not» the cause can be attributed to Flash, and described Flash as «buggy». Steve Jobs also claimed that a large percentage of the video on the Internet is supported on iOS, since many popular video sharing websites such as YouTube have published video content in an HTML5 compatible format, enabling videos to playback in mobile web browsers even without Flash Player.
Starting with version 30, Adobe stopped distributing Flash Player directly to users from mainland China. Instead, they selected Starting in , however, this variant is the only publicly supported version of Flash Player. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Software for viewing multimedia, rich Internet applications, and streaming video and audio.
This article is about the player. For an overview of the platform, see Adobe Flash. Not to be confused with Adobe Shockwave. Main article: Thoughts on Flash. Adobe Flash Player version history. FutureSplash Player 1. Initially, the Flash Player plug-in was not bundled with popular web browsers and users had to visit Macromedia website to download it.
Two years later it shipped with all releases of Windows XP. The install-base of the Flash Player reached 92 percent of all Internet users.
Macromedia Flash Player 5 August 24, A major advance in ability, with the evolution of Flash’s scripting abilities as released as ActionScript Saw the ability to customize the authoring environment’s interface Macromedia Generator was the first initiative from Macromedia to separate design from content in Flash files. Generator 2. Generator was discontinued in , in favor of new technologies such as Flash Remoting, which allows for seamless transmission of data between the server and the client, and ColdFusion Server.
Macromedia later hired Nielsen to help them improve Flash usability. Zhongcheng Network Technology Co. Retrieved July 14, Retrieved July 13,
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